Ataxx was programmed by Dave Crummack and Craig Galley in 1988 with the name Infection, but eventually it became the arcade game Ataxx under the Virgin Mastertronic banner.
It has since appeared in many guises, perhaps most famously as a puzzle in the popular adventure game The 7th Guest. As part of a Kickstarter campaign for a board game version for that game, a physical edition of Ataxx was made available as The 7th Guest: Infection.
That's a very convoluted backstory for a simple abstract. But, there's a reason for its longevity, and that is that Ataxx is a really solid game! Not to mention thematic; the clever jump-or-split has a distinctly viral feel to it...